We provide compensation market rates for specific geographic locations, allowing you to more accurately price your jobs.
Canadian Geographic Locales in Culpepper Compensation Surveys are
based on the Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) geographic classification system used
by Statistics Canada, an agency of the Canadian government.
Census Metropolitan Areas in Canada are formed by one or more adjacent
municipalities (i.e., census subdivisions) linked to a large urban area that contain
similar economic and social characteristics. CMAs are ideal units for geographic benchmarking.
Canadian Locale Data Cuts in
Culpepper Compensation Surveys
Geographic Locale [Canada Pay Zone]
Geographic Region [Canada Pay Zone]
| AB: Calgary CMA [CA 2]|| Prairies [CA 2]|
| AB: Edmonton CMA [CA 3]|| Prairies [CA 3]|
| BC: Vancouver CMA [CA 3]|| British Columbia [CA 3]|
| ON: Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo CMA [CA 3]|| Ontario [CA 3]|
| ON: Ottawa-Gatineau CMA [CA 2]|| Ontario [CA 2]|
| ON: Toronto CMA [CA 3]|| Ontario [CA 3]|
| QC: Montréal CMA [CA 3]|| Québec [CA 3]|
For other cities, provinces, or rural areas not listed above, please use
postal-code search tool or contact our survey sales team
for guidance on appropriate local and regional data cuts.
We collect and report updated compensation data year-round.
We will include new locales and regions in Canada as soon as sufficient data is collected and verified from participating companies.
Canadian Geographic Regions in Culpepper Compensation Surveys combine regional data
within a province or provinces from Geographic Locales and postal codes with similar pay rates.
There are six different zone-based Geographic Regions in Canada:
Atlantic [X] includes:
- New Brunswick
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- Nova Scotia
- Prince Edward Island
British Columbia [X] includes:
Ontario [X] includes:
Prairies [X] includes:
Quebec [X] includes:
Territories Region [X] includes:
- Northwest Territories
The number in brackets [X] appended to each Canadian Geographic Region represents the corresponding
Canadian Geographic Pay Zone.
Example: Prairies [CA 3] provides an aggregate of all CMAs and postal codes in
the Prairies Geographic Region in Canada Pay Zone 3.
Geographic Pay Zones combine national data from Geographic Locales and postal codes
with similar pay rates. They provide large geographic data cuts and are useful
for organizations that want to create geographic pay differentials.
Pay Zones span the highest paying areas [Pay Zone 1] through the lowest paying areas [Pay Zone 5].
Example: Canada Pay Zone 2 provides an aggregate of all Geographic Locales
and Geographic Regions
appended with [CA 2].
Each step up, from Geographic Locale to Geographic Region to Pay Zone,
provides a larger grouping of geographic data with similar pay rates.
The Culpepper Geographic Pay Index (CGPI) is a geographic pay differential index that provides
a relative comparison of the pay within a Geographic Locale to the national average.
CGPI calculations are based on cash compensation data submitted by participating companies
for employees matching specific jobs in local markets (i.e., cost-of-labor).
The CGPI provides a reliable pay differential index by controlling for the unique job mix
in each Geographic Locale. Comparisons are made between the pay for each job and the corresponding
national average. The resulting values are then aggregated to produce a single CGPI score for each Locale.
Locales are grouped into Geographic Pay Zones based on the CGPI Ranges shown in the table below.
(% of Canada National Average)
|Pay Zone 1
|Pay Zone 2
103.0 to 111.9%
|Pay Zone 3
98.0 to 102.9%
|Pay Zone 4
92.0 to 97.9%
|Pay Zone 5
* Compensation levels for specific jobs in local markets can vary and be impacted
by a number of other factors, including company size, industry sector, talent availability,
competition, cost of living, and health of local economies.
We report worldwide compensation data to meet your local, national, and international needs.
U.S. Locales & Regions
(available by country on request)